Last year, we already reported on the situation of refugees in the initial reception facility in Dölzig near Leipzig. The camp near Leipzig, which is run by the Maltesers, has come under particular criticism due to its location in an industrial park and poor transport links. In the spring of 2020, there were protests by refugees there due to the poor accommodation situation and health hazards from Corona. One person succeeded in obtaining a transfer out of the camp through a court decision. Political pressure also led to many residents being moved to smaller accommodations.
Now there are problems again.
Karim H. has been living in the reception center in Dölzig for several months. He suffers from asthma, a severe respiratory disease, which was diagnosed by a Leipzig clinic on 10.6.2021. The documents are available to la-presse.org. On the night of 6/17/18, he suffered an asthma attack, as had happened at least four times before. He turned to the reception to call for an ambulance. There he was called a liar, and the Maltester staff refused to call an ambulance.
Karim himself says that the health problems started during his stay in first reception facilities, when he was forced to use the outdoor showers in winter like many others. In Dölzig, too, there have only been outdoor shower containers for more than a year. These were supposed to be only a temporary emergency solution for the time of construction works in the houses.
Medical care in the reception facilities is poor. On the one hand, the scope of health services is limited by law. On the other hand, medical personnel, especially doctors, are only temporarily available for several hundred people. In Dölzig, the situation is particularly precarious. According to the Ministry of the Interior’s answer to a to a minor request in Saxon Parliament (Drs 7/1170), only one medical specialist is employed in Dölzig. Although there is a regular medical consultation, this is not sufficient for several hundred people who have fled and live in poor conditions in the camp. It has been proven that living in mass accommodation has negative effects on physical and mental health. This is shown, among others, by the results of a study published in 2018 by the AOK. Accommodation in camps has negative effects on the psyche, especially for people who are already psychologically pre-stressed. A study by Leipzig University Hospital revealed care needs for refugees in 2019. The study was conducted in Leipzig reception center. It is thus clear that those who suffer from physical complaints like Karim are exposed to further stress. Due to psychosomatic consequences, physical and psychological complaints begin to intermingle. A complex, medical situation – which can be triggered by the form of accommodation alone. /MF RN MG – Translation MS